An unclaimed letter sent in 1916 by the City of Slocan to Edward M. Bealey of San Jose. Inside was a tax notice demanding $9. (Greg Nesteroff collection)

PLACE NAMES: Slocan City

Last week we saw that Slocan is an Interior Salish word that means “to pierce; strike on the head.”

One-hundred eighty-first in an alphabetical series on West Kootenay/Boundary place names

Last week we saw that Slocan is an Interior Salish word that means “to pierce; strike on the head,” referring to the Sinixt practice of harpooning salmon.

We also saw that the name proliferated, being applied to many geographical features. One was a townsite that grew into a city but later became a village. It was staked at the south end of Slocan Lake during the Silvery Slocan mining rush, but there is confusion over who was responsible.

The Nelson Miner of Oct. 31, 1891 contained a notice that James Delaney and Thomas M. Ward intended to buy 160 acres of Crown land at the future site of Slocan City. The same issue contained applications by Harry H. Ward (Tom’s brother) and Arthur C. Dick to buy 320 acres and 160 acres, about three miles south and half a mile south of the lake, respectively.

The townsite was first mentioned in the Nelson Miner of Dec. 26, 1891: “At the lower end of the lake Arthur Dick and Harry Ward have a townsite partly surveyed, and between selling town lots and bailing hay expect to make a ‘killing.’”

Although the latter only named two men, Tom, Dick, and Harry (plus James) were all likely involved in the townsite.

The name Slocan City name had already been adopted by what was later called Eldorado and then New Denver. Dick, Ward, et al., must have haggled for the rights, for on Jan. 9, 1892, the Miner first used it in reference to their town: “Arthur Dick, B.H. Lee, and Alfred Bunter arrived at Nelson on Thursday evening from Slocan City, at the lower end of the lake. They will return in about 10 days and put in the time until spring clearing streets and making trails in the ‘city.’”

The first Slocan City townsite ad appeared in the Miner on May 7, 1892 and nine days later, future Nelson mayor Harold Selous began selling lots. However, the only real activity that year was the construction of the Lake View Hotel by Thomas Mulvey and Billy Clement.

Slocan City was otherwise mostly dormant until the discovery of rich mining claims on Springer and Lemon creeks three years later. A legal dispute probably further delayed progress: in 1897, Delaney and someone named Hoffman, who together owned three-sixteenths of the townsite, asked a judge to stop trustee Frank Fletcher from selling any more lots. The matter was settled out of court.

Fletcher drew the Slocan City townsite plan in February 1897 and deposited it with the land registry on July 12 of that year. He named an avenue after himself. Other streets included Arthur, Dick, Harold, Ward, and Delaney, honouring the townsite’s locators. (Hume Street was probably also after Harry Ward – that was his middle name.)

An application for a post office at Slocan City was filed on May 8, 1896, and it opened on Nov. 1 of that year. It was inexplicably renamed Slocan on July 1, 1897.

“We do not like to drop the City after Slocan but have done so because the post office officials have made it so,” the Slocan Drill wrote on April 6, 1900. And further: “We do not like the name Slocan for this town. It would bloom equally well under any other cognomen. Suppose it was called by any of these names, what would be the difference? Mulveyville, Laketon, Sloansburg, Teeter City, Nealville, or Batyville.”

Fortunately, the Drill’s suggestions were ignored.

The Drill further explained – and complained — on Aug. 17, 1900: “The dominion government permits only the use of the word Slocan, while the provincial government and CPR use city in connection therewith. It is pointed out that the former conflicts more or less with the famous district of which we form a part, while the present use of the two systems makes confusion, especially for the outside public.”

By its March 6, 1903 edition, the Drill had changed its mind about one thing: “When speaking of this place, leave the City off. Its name is Slocan.”

Yet by then it was an actual city, incorporated June 2, 1901. Even so, Denis St. Denis, an early city clerk, wrote: “Naturally the term ‘Slocan City’ lead me to believe that it was a place of some importance, and of considerable population. In that I was very much disappointed in both these beliefs.”

By 1941, Slocan had fewer than 200 citizens but retained its city status despite a clause added to the Municipal Act in the 1930s requiring cities to have at least 5,000 people. Although the influx of interned Japanese-Canadians during the Second World War boosted Slocan’s population, city clerk Frank Norris had a rubber stamp made in the early 1950s declaring Slocan to be the “Smallest incorporated city on the North American continent.” It was no exaggeration.

In 1957, another amendment to the Municipal Act allowed municipalities to change their classifications. Slocan residents were asked if they wanted to become a village, with the promise that the province would pay for road maintenance, schools, and policing.

The referendum passed with 72 per cent in favour and Slocan reincorporated as a village on June 2, 1958.

In November 1980, then-mayor Don Hird led a campaign to change the name to the Village of Slocan City — similar to Dawson City, Yukon, which is officially the Town of the City of Dawson.

It took 17 months to get an answer from the provincial government. They agreed it could be done but would require $200 to announce the change in the BC Gazette, a legal ad in a local newspaper, new corporate seals, receipt books, stationary, and cheques — and only after petitioning the lieutenant-governor with letters of support from citizens. Council decided it wasn’t worth the trouble or expense. You’ll still hear it called Slocan City occasionally — the village’s website is — but for the most part it’s just Slocan.

— With thanks to Peter Smith

Previous installments in this series





Annable, Apex, and Arrow Park

Annable, revisited


Applegrove, Appleby, and Appledale revisited

Argenta and Arrowhead


Bakers, Birds, and Bosun Landing


Bannock City, Basin City, and Bear Lake City



Bealby Point

Bealby Point (aka Florence Park) revisited

Belford and Blewett

Beaverdell and Billings

Birchbank and Birchdale

Blueberry and Bonnington

Boswell, Bosworth, Boulder Mill, and Broadwater



Brooklyn, Brouse, and Burnt Flat


Camborne, Cariboo City, and Carrolls Landing

Carmi, Cedar Point, Circle City, and Clark’s Camp

Carson, Carstens, and Cascade City

Casino and Champion Creek

Castlegar, Part 1

Castlegar, Part 2

Castlegar, Part 3

Christina Lake

Christina City and Christian Valley

Clubb Landing and Coltern

Cody and Champion Creek revisited

Champion Creek revisited, again


Columbia City, Columbia Gardens, and Columbia Park


Cooper Creek and Corra Linn

Crawford Bay and Comaplix revisited

Crescent Valley and Craigtown


Dawson, Deadwood, and Deanshaven

Deer Park

East Arrow Park and Edgewood


English Cove and English Point



Evans Creek and Evansport

Falls City




Ferguson, revisited


Forslund, Fosthall, and Fairview

Fort Shepherd vs. Fort Sheppard, Part 1

Fort Shepherd vs. Fort Sheppard, Part 2

Fort Sheppard, revisited

Fraser’s Landing and Franklin


Fruitvale and Fraine

Galena Bay



Gilpin and Glade

Gladstone and Gerrard, revisited

Glendevon and Graham Landing

Gloster City

Goldfields and Gold Hill

Grand Forks, Part 1

Grand Forks, Part 2

Granite Siding and Granite City

Gray Creek, Part 1

Gray Creek, Part 2

Gray Creek, revisited

Green City


Halcyon Hot Springs

Hall Siding and Healy’s Landing


Hartford Junction


Howser, Part 1

Howser, Part 2

Howser, Part 3

Howser, Part 4

Hudu Valley, Huntingtdon, and Healy’s Landing revisited

Inonoaklin Valley (aka Fire Valley)

Jersey, Johnsons Landing, and Jubilee Point

Kaslo, Part 1

Kaslo, Part 2

Kaslo, Part 3

Kaslo, Part 4

Kettle River, Part 1

Kettle River, Part 2

Kinnaird, Part 1

Kinnaird, Part 2

Kitto Landing

Koch Siding and Keen


Kootenay Bay, Kraft, and Krestova

Kuskonook, Part 1

Kuskonook, Part 2

Kuskonook (and Kuskanax), Part 3

Labarthe, Lafferty, and Longbeach

Lardeau, Part 1

Lardeau, Part 2

Lardeau, Part 3

Lardeau, Part 4


Lemon Creek, Part 1

Lemon Creek, Part 2

Lemon Creek, Part 3

Makinsons Landing and Marblehead

McDonalds Landing, McGuigagren, and Meadow Creek

Meadows, Melville, and Miles’ Ferry


Mineral City and Minton

Mirror Lake and Molly Gibson Landing

Montgomery and Monte Carlo, Part 1

Montgomery and Monte Carlo, Part 2

Montrose and Myncaster

Nakusp, Part 1

Nakusp, Part 2



Nelson, Part 1

Nelson, Part 2

Nelson, Part 3

Nelson, Part 4

Nelson, Wash.

Nelway and New Galway

New Denver, Part 1

New Denver, Part 2


Oasis and Oatescott



Park Siding and Pass Creek




Perry Siding


Pilot Bay


Playmor Junction

Poplar and Porcupine

Porto Rico and Pottersville

Poupore, Powder Point, and Power’s Camp

Procter, Part 1

Procter, Part 2

Queens Bay, Rambler, and Raspberry

Remac and Renata


Rhone and Rideau


Ritaville, Riverside I, Riverside II, and Rivervale

Robson and Rock Creek

Rosebery and Ross Spur

Rossland, Part 1

Rossland, Part 2

St. Leon and Rosebery, revisited


Salmon Rapids

Sandon, Part 1

Sandon, Part 2



Sheep Creek

Shields, Shirley, and Shoreholme


Shutty Bench and Six Mile




Although Slocan was initially surveyed at least in part in 1891-92, Frank Fletcher’s townsite plan is dated 1897. Courtesy Regional District of Central Kootenay. (Greg Nesteroff collection)

The earliest ad for the Slocan City townsite appeared in the Nelson Miner on May 7, 1892. (Greg Nesteroff collection)

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